Flora –
The Park consists of savanna, grasslands and shrublands with deciduous forests of the tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests. Gorumara also consists of Sal forests with Common Teak, Rain Tree (Shirish), and Silk Cotton (Shimul) trees, siris, khair and Bamboo groves.
Fauna –
The Gorumara National park is rich with varied species of animals. The park has recored approximately 50 species of mammals (carnivores and herbivores), 193 species of birds, 22 species of reptiles, 7 species of turtles, 27 species of fishes.
Mammals – Indian Rhinoceros, Gaur (Indian Bison), Asian Elephant, Sloth bear, Chital and Sambar Deer are the large herbivores animals and Small herbivores animals like Barking deer, Hog deer, Malabar Giant Squirrel and Wild boar found in the Gorumara Natinal Park. The variety of carnivores animals found in the park are small in numbers. Only the Leopard represents the big cat family in the park. The presence of Tigers in the park can be witnessed very rarely.
Birds: Gorumara National Park is famous for its bird inhabitants. Varied species of birds are found in the park which includes brilliant submontane forest birds like the scarlet minivet, sunbird, Asian paradise flycatcher, spangled drongo, Indian Shag, Darter, Egrets, Lesser Adjutant Stork, Lapwing and great Indian hornbill. Woodpeckers, pheasants, Peafowls, Minivets, Cuckoos, cormorants, Orioles, Pigeons and Mynas are commonly found in large numbers in the park. During the winter season migratory birds like Brahminy duck, Ibis, teals, Stork come here in the park to add beauty to the park. The park is also home to the night hunters like Owls and the Nightjars.
Reptiles and amphibians – The park is home to a large number of snakes (venomous and non-venomous) which includes the Indian python, one of the largest snakes in the world and the king cobra – the world’s largest venomous snake.
Watchtowers – The forest department has built several watchtowers inside and along the edges of the forests. These watchtowers are the best places to observe wildlife in their natural environment. The best way to watch wildlife at the park is to use powerful binoculars with night vision facilities at night, from the numerous well-located watchtowers at the park. In Gorumara Natinal Park there are 4 Watch towers namely Jatraprasad Watch Tower (named in the memory of a Kunki Elephant), Rhino Point (in front of the Gorumara Forest Rest House), Chandrachur Tower (Old Khunia) and the Chukchuki bird watching point which are located at various points to provide excellent view of wildlife in the park. The watchtower beside the Forest Rest House gives a panoramic view of the entire park and the Murti Valley. The elephant and jeep safaris are available at Gorumara National Park to explore the beauty of the wild nature.